There are many ways to examine the health of a population, including physical measures, rates of diseases, subjective wellbeing and participation in health behaviours.
Fruits and vegetables represent an extremely important part of a healthy diet. In 2013/2014, 40.6% of Waterloo Wellington residents reported eating at least five servings of fruits and vegetables per day. The trend has been relatively flat between 2007/2008 and 2013/2014. Waterloo Wellington does have the second highest LHIN result, however there is still room for improvement. 
Obesity can lead to many other diseases, and is associated with premature death. As of 2013/2014, about 1 in 2 adults in Waterloo Wellington are overweight or obese. This is similar to both the Ontario and Canada rates. There is good news, however - the rate of overweight and obesity among youth (12 to 17 years old) in Waterloo Wellington is 16.1%, which is significantly lower than the Ontario rate of 22.8%. 
17.2% of Waterloo Wellington residents report daily or occasional smoking in 2013/2014, which is a significant decrease from the 2011/2012 rate of 20.3%. The overall trend is similar to both Ontario and Canada. 
The 2013/2014 diabetes rate of 7.3% in Waterloo Wellington is not significantly different from national or provincial rates, but it has significantly increased since 2007. 
62.4% of Waterloo Wellington residents consider their health "Very Good" or "Excellent", as of 2013/2014. This is significantly higher than the Canada rate, and is the second highest of all the LHIN rates! 
The percentage of Waterloo Wellington residents who rate their mental health as "Very Good" or "Excellent" has decreased since 2007/2008. This is a concerning trend that is also occuring at the Ontario and Canada levels. Back to the framework